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Palladium

Palladium
Palladium
CAS No.
7440-05-3
Chemical Name:
Palladium
Synonyms
10%Pd;AlladiuM;PD007940;PD004700;PD005146;PD000260;PD005116;PD000202;PD007200;PD007260
CBNumber:
CB5854181
Molecular Formula:
Pd
Formula Weight:
106.42
MOL File:
7440-05-3.mol

Palladium Properties

Melting point:
1554 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
2970 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.025 g/mL at 25 °C
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
form 
wire
color 
Silver-gray
Specific Gravity
12.03
Odor
Odorless
Resistivity
9.96 μΩ-cm, 20°C
Water Solubility 
INSOLUBLE
Merck 
14,6989
Stability:
Stable. Flammable - fine powder may cause fire or explosion in air. Incompatible with ozone, sodium tetrahydroborate, sulphur, arsenic.
CAS DataBase Reference
7440-05-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Palladium(7440-05-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
Palladium(7440-05-3)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  T,F,Xi
Risk Statements  61-33-37/38-40-41-36/37/38-11
Safety Statements  53-26-36/37/39-24/25-36-22
RIDADR  UN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  -
RTECS  RT3480500
Autoignition Temperature >1120 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  4.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  28439000
Hazardous Substances Data 7440-05-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 oral (rat) 200 mg/kg (palladium chloride)
LC50 intratracheal (rat) 6 mg/kg (palladium chloride)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H228 Flammable solid Flammable solids Category 1
Category 2
Danger
Warning
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire Self-heating substances and mixtures Category 2 Warning P235+P410, P280, P407, P413, P420
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H333 May be harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 5 P304+P312
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H401 Toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 2 P273, P501
H402 Harmful to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 3
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P235+P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P405 Store locked up.
P420 Store away from other materials.

Palladium price More Price(779)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 203939 Palladium powder, 99.995% trace metals basis 7440-05-3 1g $240 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 203939 Palladium powder, 99.995% trace metals basis 7440-05-3 5g $806 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical P1490 Palladium 5% on Carbon (wetted with ca. 55% Water) 7440-05-3 5g $36 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical P1490 Palladium 5% on Carbon (wetted with ca. 55% Water) 7440-05-3 25g $112 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 000659 Palladium black, 99.9% (metals basis) 7440-05-3 1g $106 2018-11-16 Buy

Palladium Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Palladium was discovered in 1803 by W.H. Wollaston during refining and purification of- platinum metal. This new metal was found in the aqua regia extract of native platinum and was detected in solution after platinum was precipitated. It was removed as ammonium chloroplatinate. Treating this solution with mercurous cyanide precipitated a yellow palladium complex salt. The precipitate was washed and ignited to form palladium metal. Wollaston named the element palladium after the newly discovered asteroid Pallas.
Palladium in nature is always associated with other platinum group metals. Its abundance in earth's crust is estimated at 0.015 mg/kg, about three times more abundant than platinum. Palladium is used mostly in alloys and the majority of its alloys are used for electronics and telecommunications. They are contacts in electrical relays and automatic switching gear. Palladium-gold alloys are applied widely in dentistry and medicine. They are in devices for replacement of damaged bones and joints and as support in porcelain-overlay bridgework. Palladium alloys are used in decoration and jewelry as a substitute for gold. They are used in gems, watch cases and brooches.
One of the most important applications of palladium is to catalyze hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, and petroleum cracking. Such reactions are widely employed in organic syntheses and petroleum refining. Palladium and platinum are installed in catalytic converters in automobiles to cut down the emission of unsaturated hydrocarbon gasses.

Chemical Properties

It is a silver-white metal (face-centered cubic crystal).  Soluble in aqua regia, hot nitric acid, sulfuric acid, slightly soluble in hydrochloric acid, insoluble in cold water and hot water.

Chemical Properties

Grey Powder

History

Discovered in 1803 by Wollaston. Palladium is found along with platinum and other metals of the platinum group in deposits of Russia, South Africa, Canada (Ontario), and elsewhere. Natural palladium contains six stable isotopes. Twenty-nine other isotopes are recognized, all of which are radioactive. It is frequently found associated with the nickel-copper deposits such as those found in Ontario. Its separation from the platinum metals depends upon the type of ore in which it is found. It is a steel-white metal, does not tarnish in air, and is the least dense and lowest melting of the platinum group of metals. When annealed, it is soft and ductile; cold working greatly increases its strength and hardness. Palladium is attacked by nitric and sulfuric acid. At room temperatures the metal has the unusual property of absorbing up to 900 times its own volume of hydrogen, possibly forming Pd2H. It is not yet clear if this a true compound. Hydrogen readily diffuses through heated palladium and this provides a means of purifying the gas. Finely divided palladium is a good catalyst and is used for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions. It is alloyed and used in jewelry trades. White gold is an alloy of gold decolorized by the addition of palladium. Like gold, palladium can be beaten into leaf as thin as 1/250,000 in. The metal is used in dentistry, watchmaking, and in making surgical instruments and electrical contacts. Palladium recently has been substituted for higher priced platinum in catalytic converters by some automobile companies. This has caused a large increase in the cost of palladium. The prices of the two metals are now, in 2002, about the same. Palladium, however, is less resistant to poisoning by sulfur and lead than platinum, but it may prove useful in controlling emissions from diesel vehicles. The metal sells for about $350/tr. oz. ($11/g).

Uses

Palladium is a soft white metal found in copper and nickel ores. The chloride compound of this element was used after the turn of the century for printing and also in combination with platinum for printing.

Uses

Uses

Palladium is a transition metal element used in catalytic reactions involving processes such as hydrogenation. Lindlar Catalyst

Definition

ChEBI: Chemical element (nickel group element atom) with atomic number 46.

Uses

In form of gold, silver, and copper alloys in dentistry; for alloy bearings, springs, balance wheels of watches; for mirrors in astronomical instruments; as catalyzer in manufacture of sulfuric acid and in other oxidizing processes; in powder form as catalyst in hydrogenation and in ignition of hydrogen or hydrocarbons with oxygen; the spongy form is used in gas analysis for separating hydrogen from mixtures of gases.

Preparation

It can be made from the ore with dry process in Industrial production; can also copper, nickel sulfide ore preparation of copper, nickel production process as a by-product as raw materials, made by wet smelting. It can also be obtained from the wet process with the byproduct of copper, nickel production from the copper sulfide ore or nickel sulfide ore.
The wet method is using the residue of extracted nickel and copper as raw materials, adding aqua for extraction, filtration, adding ammonia and hydrochloric acid to react, thus forming the precipitation of ammonium chloropalladate. After refining, filtration, reduction of ammonium chloropalladate with hydrogen 99.95% finished product of palladium can be obtained.

Reactions

Among the platinum group metals, palladium is the least noble metal, exhibiting greater reactivity than other metals of the group. The metal forms mostly bivalent compounds, although a small number of tetravalent and a fewer trivalent compounds are known. Palladium exhibits a strong tendency to form complexes, most of which are four-coordinated square planar complexes of the metal in +2 oxidation state. When heated in air or oxygen above 350°C, palladium forms a black oxide, PdO coated over its surface. On further heating to over 790°C, the oxide decomposes back to the metal. Palladium dissolves more oxygen in molten state than in solid form.
Palladium reacts with fluorine and chlorine at 500°C forming its halides, the black PdF3 and the red deliquescent solid PdCl2.
Palladium is attacked by concentrated nitric acid, particularly in the presence of nitrogen oxides. The reaction is slow in dilute nitric acid. Finely divided palladium metal reacts with warm nitric acid forming palladium(II) nitrate, Pd(NO3)2. Hydrochloric acid has no affect on the metal. Reaction with boiling sulfuric acid yields palladium sulfate, PdSO4, and sulfur dioxide.
Palladium readily dissolves in aqua regia forming chloropalladic acid, H2PdCl6. Evaporation of this solution yields palladium(II) chloride, PdCl2.
Palladium absorbs hydrogen over 800 times its own volume over a range of temperature. By doing so, the metal swells, becoming brittle and cracked. Such absorption of hydrogen decreases the electrical conductivity of the metal. Also, such absorption activates molecular hydrogen, dissociating it to atomic hydrogen.

storage

In particular, palladium on carbon should always be handled under an inert atmosphere (preferably argon), and reaction vessels should be flushed with inert gas before the catalyst is added. Dry catalyst should never be added to an organic solvent in the presence of air. Palladium on carbon recovered from catalytic hydrogenation reactions by filtration requires careful handling because it is usually saturated with hydrogen and will ignite spontaneously on exposure to air. The filter cake should never be allowed to dry, and the moist material should be added to a large quantity of water and disposed of properly.

Incompatibilities

Catalysts prepared on high surface area supports are highly active and readily cause ignition of hydrogen/air and solvent/air mixtures. Methanol is notable for easy ignition because of its high volatility. Addition of catalyst to a tetrahydroborate solution may cause ignition of liberated hydrogen.

Flammability and Explosibility

Palladium on carbon catalysts containing adsorbed hydrogen are pyrophoric, particularly when dry and at elevated temperatures. Palladium on carbon catalysts prepared by formaldehyde reduction are less pyrophoric than those reduced with hydrogen. Finely divided carbon, like most materials in powder form, is capable of creating a dust explosion.

Waste Disposal

Excess palladium on carbon and waste material containing this substance should be covered in water, placed in an appropriate container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines.

Palladium Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Palladium Suppliers

Global( 284)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 [email protected] China 19953 60
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
[email protected] CHINA 22049 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 [email protected] CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 [email protected] CHINA 32651 55
AB PharmaTech,LLC
323-480-4688
323-480-4688 [email protected] United States 991 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-155-27864001
[email protected] CHINA 18004 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 [email protected] CHINA 4529 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
[email protected] CHINA 19990 58
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
[email protected] CHINA 3624 58
Shaanxi Rock New Materials Co., Ltd. +86 18691746767
+86 (0)917 3380558 [email protected] China 115 62

View Lastest Price from Palladium manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-22 Palladium
7440-05-3
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 95%-99% 100kg career henan chemical co

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